Natural characteristics

The northern part of Serbia,Vojvodina, located in the Pannonian Plain, is predominately flat. There are also plains in Mačva, Posavina, Pomoravlje and Stig, as well as in Negotinska Krajina in eastern Serbia. 55% of Serbia’s land is arable, the large part of which is located in Vojvodina, the country’s main agricultural region. The central part of Serbia and the hilly Šumadija region are located south of the Sava and Danube rivers. Further south, the hills gradually give way to mountains. The valleys of the Great, South and West Morava, Nišava and Ibra rivers cut through the hilly and mountainous areas of Serbia and are the main travel routes.

The forest coverage in Serbia is 27.3% in total and regional coverage varies: Vojvodina 6.8%, central Serbia 32.8% and Kosovo and Metohija 39.4%.

Themountain landscape of Serbia is rich in canyons, gorges and caves, as well as preserved forests which are home to a multitude of endemic species. Serbia’s mountains belong to:

  • The Rhodopes range, which runs along the right and left sides of the South and Great Morava rivers.
  • The Carpathians and Balkan Mountains, which are located in the eastern part of Serbia, south of the Danube river.

The Dinaric Alps mountain chain, the largest of the mountain regions, is divided into eight sub-regions: Prokletiije, Šar, Stari Vlah-Raška, Kopaonik, Kosovo-Metohija, Šumadija, and the Rudne and Flišne mountains.

15 peaks reach an altitude of over 2000 m, of which the highest is Đeravica in the Prokletije, with a height of 2656 m.

Serbia’sriversbelong to the drainage basins of the Black, Adriatic and Aegean seas. Three rivers are fully navigable in Serbia: the Danube, Sava and the Tisa. The Velika Morava and Tamiš rivers are partly navigable. The longest river to flow through Serbia is theDanube, 588 km of its total 2783 km-long course, and over 90% of the river basin is occupied by this river. The largest lake in Serbia is the artificial Đerdap lake on the Danube which covers an area of 253 km2.

Largest cities in Serbia (populations according to the 2002 census):

  • Belgrade; 1,576,124
  • Novi Sad; 299,294
  • Niš; 250,518
  • Kragujevac; 175,802

Longest rivers in Serbia:

  • Danube, 588 km (of a total 2783 km)
  • Zapadna Morava, 308 km
  • Južna Morava, 295 km
  • Ibar, 272 km
  • Drina, 220 km (of a total 346 km)
  • Sava, 206 km (of a total 945 km)
  • Timok, 202 km
  • Great Morava, 185 km
  • Tisa, 168 km (of a total 966 km)
  • Nišava, 151 km (of a total 218 km)
  • Tamiš, 118 km (of a total 359 km)
  • Begej, 75 km (of a total 244 km)

Largest lakes in Serbia:

  • Đerdap Lake, 253 km2
  • Vlasina Lake, 16 km2
  • Perućac Lake, 12.4 km2
  • Gazivode Lake, 11.9 km2
  • Zvornik Lake, 8.1 km2
  • Zlatar Lake, 7.2 km2
  • Potpeć Lake, 7 km2
  • Palić Lake, 5.6 km2

Highest mountain peaks in Serbia:

  • Đeravica, 2656 m (Prokletije)
  • Crni Vrh, 2585 m (Šar Mountains)
  • Gusam, 2539 m (Prokletije)
  • Bogdaš, 2533 m (Prokletije)
  • Žuti Kamen, 2522 m (Prokletije)
  • Ljuboten, 2498 m (Šar Mountains)
  • Veternik, 2461 m (Koprivnik)
  • Crni Krš, 2426 m (Prokletije)
  • Hajla, 2403 m (Hajla)


Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
Milana Rakića 5, 11000 Belgrade
tel. +381 (0)11 2412-922

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